India assumes G20, UN Security Council presidencies; Global South to remain focus

| Updated: 01 December, 2022 9:16 pm IST

Firmly establishing its might in global leadership, India today took over the twin presidencies of G 20 and UN security council. Tackling terrorism would remain the focus on both these global platforms platforms and issues relevant to the Global South countries would be prioritised.

Leading with the “Five S’s” approach charted out by Prime Minister Narendra Modi Samman (Respect), Samvad (Dialogue), Sahyog (Cooperation), Shanti (Peace), and Samriddhi (Prosperity), India took over UN presidency today. Its focus for the month of December will be to voice the key concerns of the Global South, namely effective response to the menace of terrorism, roadmap for reformed multilateralism, framework for maritime security cooperation and greater protection for UN Peacekeepers through technology.

On the eve of India taking over G20 presidency the PM said, “During our G20 Presidency, we shall present India’s experiences, learnings and models as possible templates for others, particularly the developing world. Our G20 priorities will be shaped in consultation with not just our G20 partners, but also our fellow-travellers in the Global South, whose voice often goes unheard.”

India will host as many as 200 meetings across the country over the next one year, with the first one being held in Udaipur later this week. The G20 Summit will be organised in New Delhi in September 2023.

India assumed the monthly rotating Presidency of the UN Security Council today. This is the second time in its two-year tenure as an elected member of the UN Security Council [2021-2022] that India will assume the Presidency of the Council, having assumed it earlier in August 2021.

Under India’s December Presidency of the Security Council, there are two signature events, at Ministerial Level, scheduled to be held on December 14 and 15 on Reformed Multilateralism and Counter-Terrorism respectively. The two signature events will be chaired by the External Affairs Minister.

On December 14, India will be holding a High-level Open Debate on the theme – “Maintenance of International Peace and Security: New Orientation for Reformed Multilateralism” at the Security Council in New York. New Orientation for Reformed Multilateralism (NORMS) envisages reforms in the current multilateral architecture with the UN at its centre to make it more representative and fit for purpose. This Open Debate is intended to encourage UN Member States to take this important conversation forward by deliberating on the elements of a new orientation for multilateralism and on how best to move forward in this regard in a time-bound manner. The briefers for this event will be H.E. Mr. Antonio Guterres, UN Secretary General and H.E. Mr. Csaba Korosi, President of the General Assembly.

The other signature event planned for India’s December Presidency of the UN Security Council is the High-level briefing on the theme – “Threats to International Peace and Security Caused by Terrorist Acts: Global Approach to Counter Terrorism – Challenges and Way Forward”, scheduled for December 15 at the Security Council in New York.

Realizing that the threat of terrorism is grave, universal and transnational in character, this briefing intends to underscore the necessity of collective and coordinated efforts to combat the menace of terrorism. Acknowledging that in recent times there has been a resurgence of terrorist activities, both in range and diversity, as well as geographical space, and that the existing and emerging threats call for a renewed collective approach to terrorism, the high-level briefing will provide an opportunity for members of the Security Council to build on the recent deliberations of the UN Security Council’s Counter-Terrorism Committee meeting in Mumbai and Delhi [28-29 October, 2022]. It will allow them to share their views on the current state of affairs to aim to arrive at key principles of the global community’s collective fight against terrorism, and build further on the Delhi Declaration adopted during the Special Meeting of the CTC in India.

Among the adoptions of resolutions scheduled for the month, there are three mandate renewals, for the 1988 Taliban Sanctions Committee, MONUSCO and UNDOF. Two Council members Ireland and Mexico intend to organize Arria Formula Meetings. The one convened by Ireland will be centred on “Youth, Peace and Security”. Besides this, there will be at least two meetings on Ukraine, one on the political situation and one on the humanitarian file.


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